PAPER – II General Studies 1

Section – I : History and Cultural Heritage ( India & Karnataka ) – (6 Units)

Unit 1: Cultural Heritage of India (select areas and topics)
(i) Indus Civilization – Distinction between Indus Civilization and Vedic Civilization– Evolution of Varna,
Jathi/caste system – Religious condition – emergence of religious movements.
(ii) Literature: Sanskrit Literature (Ancient) : Vedic Literature, the epics and the Puranas: their impact on the life
and culture of the Indian People; Prose works on polity, ethics (neeti), popular stories and Pancha Tantra
(only important works); Mughal contributions to literature.
(iii) Science and Technology: Mathematics, Astronomy, Physics, Chemistry, Botany, Zoology, Physiology and
Medicine (including Surgery), Ship-building, Mining and Metallurgy, Engineering and Architecture.
(iv) Arts (Excluding Karnataka): The Maurya and Gupta periods; The Khajuraho temples; Jain temples at Mount
Abu and the Odishyan temples; Pallava, Chola and Pandyan contributions. The Mughal architecture;
Cathedral architecture: Bom Jesus-Old Goa, St. Paul’s- Kolkata and St. Thomas- Chennai. Painting :
Ajanta frescoes; Mughal and Rajput schools of painting. Dance and Music: Classical music and dance;
Mughal contributions to music. Folk arts of India.
(v) India’s cultural contributions to the outside world: Central Asia, China, Japan, South-East Asia and Sri
(vi) Religions of India-
(i) Hindu Dharma: General characteristics and some common beliefs – Purusharthas– rituals and
ethics – festivals and sacred days – pilgrimage and fairs. Hindu sects: Hinduism as a federation of
various sects – Shaiva, Vaishnava and Shakta. Philosophy of the Upanishad and the Bhagavad-
Gita – Yoga Philosophy of Pathanjali.
(ii) Jainism: Principles – Ratnatraya, code of morals, Equality (samana), Ahimsa,. Sects: Digambara
and Swethambara.
(iii) Buddhism: Principles – Four noble truths, The Eight – fold path, Nirvana, Moral doctrines. Sects:
Hinayana and Mahayana

(iv) Christianity: Teachings of Jesus Christ. Christian doctrines and theology. Groups in Christianity –
The Roman Catholic Church, the Eastern orthodox churches and the Protestants churches.
Missionary activities in India
(v) Islam: Principles and practices – God, Confession of Faith, Five “Pillars of Islam”, sacred places and
days, the family system and the shariah, Sufis of Karnataka, Sects: Shia and Sunni.
(vi) Sikhism: Principles and practices and its Evolution.
Unit 2 : Toward transforming Indian Society : Major schools of thought.
Modern Indian History – from the beginning of 19th Century, Reforms and Reformers,
1. Eradication of Social and religious wrongs
2. The Vedas for all – The Casteless society
3. Ideal of service
4. Emancipation of the Depressed class
5. “Two-Nation” theory and Islamic revivalism
6. Empowerment of the Depressed class through religion and education
7. Hindutva and Patriotism
8. The Dravida Movement
9. Struggle for emancipation of Dalits and their empowerment
10. Socialist approach and Total Revolution
11. Gram Swaraj, Satyagraha and Bhoodana
Unit 3 : From Kadambas to the Hoysalas.
(i) Antiquity of Karnataka; Kannada language and literature; Extent of Kannadanadu; State and District
Gazetteers; Museums and Archives in Karnataka; Preservation and protection of historical monuments –
work of Archaeological Survey of India – World Heritage Sites in Karnataka.
(ii) From Kadambas to the Hoysalas : Contributions to Architecture, sculpture, literature and religion.
Unit 4 : The Vijayanagara Empire and thereafter (1336-1799).
(i) Vijayanagara Empire: Origin, aims and aspiration of the Empire – Vidyaranya. Political history : Harihara,
Bukka, Immadi Devaraya, Krishnadevaraya and Aliya Ramaraya – The battle of Talikote and its
consequences. Glory of the capital – Administration – Society, economy and religion; Arts: Painting;
Music, Dance, Literature, Architecture and Sculpture; Foreign accounts of Vijayanagara.
(ii) Religious sects: Shankaracharya, Ramanujacharya, Madhwacharya – Sri Basaveshvara, Veerashaivism
and Vachana movement – Haridasa movement – Kalamukha, Shakta and Pashupatha sects.
(iii) The Bahman Shahis : Mahamud Gawan – Contributions of the Bahamani – Adil Shahis of Bijapur:
Contributions to literature and architecture – Sufis in Karnataka.
(iv) Chikkadevaraja Wodeyar – Contributions; The Nayakas of Keladi and Chitradurga; Rani Chennamma &
Sangolli Rayanna of Kittur, The Yalahanka Nadaprabhu; Hyder Ali and Tippu Sultan (1761-1799).
Unit 5 : Modern Mysore (1799-1947).
(i) Krishna raja Wodeyar lll – his contributions;
(ii) Armed rebellion in Karnataka against the British in Karnataka
(iii) Commissioner’s Rule (1831-1881)
(iv) Nizam’s rule in Hyderabad – Karnataka
(v) Progress of Mysore under the Dewans.
Unit 6 : Freedom Movement in Karnataka and Unification (1885-1956).
(i) Rise of Nationalism; Pre-Gandhian era (1885-1920); Gandhian era (1920-1948).
(ii) Freedom movement in Hyderabad – Karnataka
(iii) Important personalities in Freedom Struggle.
(iv) Unification of Karnataka; Causes for the rise of unification movement – Alur Venkatrao – Role of literacy,
cultural associations and print media – Three stages in the unification of Karnataka (1947-1956).
(v) Social and Cultural developments: Spread of education by missionary and voluntary bodies – printing
and the press – Literary and Scholarly studies – New literary genres in kannada literature – Backward
Class movement – Miller Committee Report, Folk arts of Karnataka.

Section II – Social and Political Perspective – ( 7 units )

1. Post Independent Karnataka – Towards Political Consolidation – Attempts of Successive Governments –
Backward Classes and Social Justice – Reports of : Havnur Committee – Venkataswamy Committee – Chinnappa
Reddy Committee – Recent Trends – Dalit Movement – Devaraja Urs and Land Reforms. Language Issue: Gokak
Movement – Issues and Perspectives. Inter-State Disputes – Boundary Disputes – Mahajan Committee Report
and its impact – Water Disputes – Farmer’s Movement, Regional Imbalance & Nanjundappa committee Report.
2. Social Change and Movements –Social structure and social change, Theories of Social Change, Social
Disorganisation and Social movements, directed social change, social policy and social development.
3. Social Change and Modernisation – Problems of role conflict – intergenerational gap, youth unrest &
commercialization of education, emergence of India as Educational Force – changing status of women and social
movements, industrialization and urbanization, role of pressure groups, Sanskritisation, westernisation and
modernization – Modernism versus traditionalism. Current social evils – fundamentalism and terrorism,
Naxalism, Nepotism, corruption, and black money.
4. Government and Political System – Legislature, Executive and Judiciary, functioning of democratic political
system in a traditional society, political party and their social composition.
5. Decentralisation of power – Decentralisation of power and political participation. Union Government,
Parliament, Cabinet, Supreme court, Judicial review, Center-State relations, State government, role of Governor,
Panchayathi raj, class and caste in Indian politics, politics of regionalism, linguism, and communalism.
Problems of secularisation policy and national integration, Political participation & voting, vote bank politics.
6. Socio Economic System – The Jajmani system and its bearing on traditional society. Market Economy and its
social consequences, Occupational diversification and social structure, Profession and professionalisation, role of
trade unions, social determinants and consequence of economical development, economic inequalities,
exploitation and corruption, Globalisation and its social impact.
7. Rural Social system and Rural Development – Socio cultural dimensions of village community, traditional
power structure, democratization and leadership, poverty, indebtedness, bonded labour, social consequences of
land reforms, Rural development projects, green revolution, new strategies of rural development, the changing
rural scene.

Section III – Indian Economy – Planning- Rural Development (8 units)

1. Indian Economy – Post independence growth – experience of agriculture, industry and tertiary sectors, growth
and distributive justice. Poverty and inequality, Growth of Karnataka Economy during the plan era, growth and
sectoral changes and linkages in the State Economy.
2. India and International economic relations – Growth and trade – volume, composition and direction of exports and imports, domestic and foreign capital in economic development, changes in India’s foreign trade policy,
balance of payments and foreign exchange. Karnataka’s exports – volume, composition, and direction.
3. Development patterns and disparities among regions and between rural and urban areas, public policies to
mitigate disparities, prospects and problems of Special economic zones. Development disparities in Karnataka
and public policies, Redressel of development disparities. Regional development boards.
4. Planning – Planning goals, objectives and approaches, achievements and failures of five year plans (I to VII Five
year plans). Development plans under the new economic policies regime (VIII Five year plan onwards). Planning in
5. Decentralization – pros and cons of top-down planning and bottom-up planning, planning mechanism and
experience in Panchayathi raj institutions, planning and capacity building, planning and financing. Decentralized
planning in Karnataka, Resource mobilization and devolution. District Planning Committee, State finances and
local finances. State finance commission.
6. Rural Development – Importance of agriculture in the national economy, Gandhian approach to rural
development and land reforms, size of farms and productivity, problems of irrigation and dry land farming, food
security, rural credit, agricultural marketing, agricultural labour, rural industries and employment. Agricultural
problems in Karnataka, Rural Economic infrastructure (Energy, Irrigation, Transport, Communication, Markets),
Rural Social Infrastructure – Housing, Drinking water, Sanitation & Drainage, Rural Health systems and their
delivery. Development of Economic and Social infrastructure in Karnataka, Rural markets in Karnataka. Rural
housing and health care schemes in Karnataka.
7. Rural Development Initiatives – Poverty Alleviation-cum-Employment generation Programmes, Five Year Plan and inclusive growth, rural financial institutions, Development and conservation of common property resources
in rural areas – village grasslands and woods, water bodies, Provision of urban amenities in rural areas (PURA).

Rural Development schemes in Karnataka, self help groups and micro finance institutions in Karnataka, External
assistance for rural tank rejuvenation, drinking water, sanitation and health care in Karnataka.
8. Data Collection Analysis- Interpretation- Collection, Interpretation and Appreciation of Statistical Data-
Study of Graphs and Charts:– Bar Graphs, Line Graphs and Pie Charts- Problems Based on Tabular and
Diagrammatical Data- Data Sufficiency in Statistics- Problems Based on Probability- Permutations and
Combinations-Quantitative Aptitude – Number Sequences, Series, Averages, Number Systems, Ratio and
Proportion, Profit and Loss, Percentages, Time and work, Speed-Time-Distance, Simple Interest, Analytical
and Critical Reasoning, Reading Comprehension


PAPER – III General Studies 2

Section I – Physical Features and Natural Resources


1. Lithosphere-Place of Earth in the Solar System, Rocks, Earthquakes, Volcanoes, Plate tectonics, Agents of
Erosion. Atmosphere – Structure and Composition –Elements of Climate and weather – Broad Climatic
types. Hydrosphere – World Oceans Salinity – Ocean currents and Tides – Ocean Deposits.
2. Physiography of Continents and Demographic distribution – Mountains, Rivers, Forests, Grass lands,
Deserts, Human Races, Population Change, distribution and demographic transition, density, sex ratio,
quality of life, life expectancy, literacy, standard of living and migration.


3. Physiography of India – Climate, Rivers, Soil, Natural vegetation. Mineral Resources: Iron ore and
Manganese – Copper and Bauxite Coal, Petroleum and Natural Gas, Nuclear Deposits. Major crops-,
Distribution and production of cereals, millets, oilseeds, plantation crops, commercial crops. Indian
Demography – Growth, Composition, Distribution, Density, Human Development Index. Demographic
4. Industrial Planning and Development : Growth and Distribution of Major, Medium, Small and Tiny
Industries – Industrial regions of India. Industrial infrastructure – Railways, Roads, and Ports. Backward
regions and rural industrialisaton. Regional Planning and Development -Tribal and hill areas, drought prone
areas, command areas and river basins. Classification of Towns and Cities. Urban Structure.


5. Physiographic divisions – Climate, Rivers, rainfall distribution, Natural vegetation and Soil. Agriculture
and Agro climatic regions, Major crops, Plantation and commercial crops of Karnataka. Mineral Resources
of Karnataka. Sources of Power (Hydro, Thermal, Solar, Nuclear and Wind). Major, Medium and Small Scale
industries, Agro based Industries. Transportation and Communication Systems in Karnataka. Geographic
information system .
6. Urban Land use Policy and Urbanisation – Demographic features Literacy and Urbanisation. Population
Problems and policies, Literacy, City classification and urban spheres of influence, rural urban fringe,
problems of urban growth. Land use, Town planning, slums and urban housing. Intra and Inter regional
trade and the role of rural Market centers

Section II – Overview of Indian Constitution (7 units)

1. Nature of the Constitution- Constitutional developments, , salient features of Constitution: Preamble, Directive Principles of State Policy, Indian federation, etc.,
2. Fundamental rights – Right to Equality, Right to Freedom, Right against exploitation, Right to freedom of
religion, Cultural and Educational rights, Right to Constitutional remedies. Reasonable restrictions – Provision
for schedule caste, schedule tribe and minorities, Reservations for SC/ST and OBC’s, preventions of SC/ST
Atrocities Act, National and State SC/ST Commission
3. Distribution of Legislative powers – Between the Union and the State, Administrative and Financial relations between the union and the states, Powers and functions of constitutional bodies. Powers and Functions –
Governor, Council of Ministers and Cabinet, Judicial remedies.
4. Unicameral and Bicameral legislations – Functions and crisis of accountability, delegated legislation, Legislative procedure and committees of legislature, legislative and judicial control over the delegated legislation, judicial review of administrative action. Comptroller and Auditor General of India, Attorney General of India.
5. Important Amendments of the Constitution – Basic structure theory, Emergency provisions and
decentralization, Panchayathi raj, Seventy-third and Seventy-fourth amendments etc.,
6. Welfare mechanism in India – Directive principles of State policy and their relationships, Right to property,
Election Commission, Public Service Commissions, Women’s commission, National and State Minorities

commission, Backward Commission, Human Rights Commission, Information Commission, Finance Commission,
Planning Commission, National Development Council.
7. Services under the Union and State – Constitutional provisions relating to Government and public servants.

Section III- Public Administration and Management – International Relations ( 7 Units)

1. Private and Public Administration – its role in society, Public Administration as an art and a science, New
Public Administration and New Public Management. Responsive Administration. Difference between
administration and management. Difference between public and private administration.
2. Structure of Organisation – Personnel, Financial, Administrative Law, Maintenance of Law and Order,
Administration for Welfare. Issues of Areas in Indian Administration. Development Administration.
3. Organisational Behaviour and Management Concepts; Organisation structure, systems, Processes, Strategies, Policies and Objectives, Decision making, Communication, Centralisation, Decentralisation, Delegation of
authority, Responsibility, Control.
4. Formal and informal Organisation, – Functional management: Finance, HR, Marketing, Production, Leadership and Motivation.
5. Management Tools and Techniques: Decision making under uncertainty, PERT & CPM, PIME, POSD-CORB, SWOT Analysis, Performance Standards and appraisal, PDCA Cycle, Personnel Policies, Manpower – Policy and Planning, Training and Development, Conflict Management, Management of change and development. Team
Building, quality tools (Brain Storming, nominal group technique, pareto chart, fishbone diagram and process
6. Administrative Reforms, Ethics and Values in Public Service, Public Relations, Good Governance,
Accountability and control, Program monitoring and evaluation, Lokpal and Lokayukta, Redressel of Citizens
grievances, District Administration and Panchayathi Raj System, Law and Order and Development Functions,
Development Programmes. Welfare Programmes for SC/ST and women. People’s participation. Administrative
Reforms Commissions – Central and State.
7. United Nations and Specialised Agencies, Other International Organisations and Agencies – Origin and
development of UNO – Role in International Relations, General Assembly, Security Council, Economic and Social
Council, Trusteeship Council, International Court of Justice, UN and Peace Keeping Operations, UN and
Disarmaments, Future of UN. Special Agencies like WHO, ILO, FAO etc., International Organisations like IMF,
World Bank, ADB, WTO, EU, ASEAN, SAARC, AU, NATO, NAM, OPEC, G-8, IAEA, etc., Role of Developing
countries in International Relations, India and her Neighbours. Etc.,

PAPER – IV General Studies 3

Section-I, Role and Impact of Science and Technology in Development of Indian, Information Technology In Public Domain

1. Basics of Science and Technology.
Classical and emerging areas of science and Technology (S&T)- Value Addition by Science & Technology- Current
Science & Technology developments in India and Importance of Science & Technology as an engine for national
development- Industrial development & Urbanization- National policy of Science & Technology ; changes in policy from time to time ; Technology missions- ICT: Basics Computers, Communication, Telephone and Television- Broadband, Internet, & Web-IT industries, BPO, economic & employment growth- E-governance, E-commerce & E-learning- IT& Rural applications, Digital divide & its prevention- Computers in Mass Media.
2. SPACE Science and Technology
A brief history of global space programmes, and current space programmes.
Space programme in India- INSAT, IRS systems, EDUSAT, and Chandrayana-1, Etc., and future programme.
Application of Space technology in India with special references to Educational, Agricultural and Other Rural
Developmental Activities.
3. Energy Resources
Indian Energy scenario- Hydel, Thermal, Nuclear, & Renewable; their potential, harnessing & options.
Importance of renewable resources- Solar, Wind, Small/ Mini/ Micro Hydel, Biomass, Waste based, Geothermal,
Tidal, Hydrogen & Fuel cells.
Enabling legislations, financial and procedural incentives, and business opportunities for investors.
4. Disasters, Pests and Pollution
Climatic Change – floods, cyclone, tsunami, natural and manmade disasters and disaster management.
Crop science in India, Fertilizers, Control of Pests and Crop Diseases.

Safe Drinking water & supply.
Sanitation and Waste disposal
Urbanization, Industrialization, and Pollution control.
5. Related Perceptions
Universalizing Science and Technology literacy;
Technology with a Human Face
Human Development Index (HDI)
Contribution to Growth of GDP
Facing Global competition
Preservation & promotion of culture and indigenous knowledge
6. Knowledge Society
Human capital, its power, imparting education, Skill, & Values.
Role of Knowledge for Economic growth, Social development, Cultural enrichment & political empowerment.
Achieving goals around Knowledge: Eradication of poverty; Universal primary education; Gender equality.
7. Rural Upliftment and Science & Technology
Advance Infrastructure in Rural Areas, Establishing Physical, Electronic, Knowledge, & Economic Connectivity.
Regional Language: Usage in ICT
Horticulture: Hybrid seed production with R&D; Set up Fruit and vegetable processing plants, packaging &
Agro Food Processing: Forming village clusters and establishing Food Storage, Food Processing, and Food
Packaging & Marketing.
Bio-fuel cultivation and extraction
Scientific Water harvesting.

Section II: Advancement and Modern Trends in Natural Sciences, Life Sciences, Agricultural Science, Health and Hygiene – (7 Units)

1. Natural Science
Plants – crop plants, forest species, medicinal and aromatic plants, usefulness of plants and human affairs
(utility), photosynthesis, transpiration, harmful plants.
Common classification of animals – domestic and wild animals. Usefulness of animals and human affairs (utility).
Microorganisms: Common bacteria, virus, fungi and their beneficial and harmful effect on mankind.
2. Agriculture Science
Agriculture scenario and importance of agriculture in the national and state economy. Crop production and
protection. Chemical Fertilizers and Vermi compost. Cost benefit and investment analysis of agricultural enterprises.
Programmes for production and productivity enhancement – green, white, yellow, blue revolutions. Recent trends in
organic farming and farm mechanization. Farming systems and sustainability. Agro-processing and agro-based industries.
Post-harvest technology and value addition. Management of land and water resources.
3. Horticulture and Sericulture
Importance of Horticulture-floriculture, vegetables, fruits, plantation crops, spices, aromatic and medicinal
plants. Hi- tech horticulture (green / poly house cultivation). Post-harvest management and value addition. Special
promotional programmes for horticulture development.
Sericulture: Importance of sericulture in India and Karnataka, distribution of mulberry and non-mulberry sericulture (area, production and productivity across states), cocoon production.
4. Initiatives in Biotechnology
Concept of biotechnology, introduction and application of genetic engineering and stem cells research. Molecular
breeding and marker assisted selection. Transgenic plants (genetically modified) and their beneficial and harmful effects on environment and society. Biotechnology in agriculture (bio-fertilizers, bio-pesticides, bio-fuels, tissue culture, cloning). Food bio-technology, food safety and microbial standards, food quality standards, food laws and regulations.
5. Animal Husbandry (veterinary, dairy and fishery sciences)
Importance of livestock in the national and state economy. Important exotic and Indian breeds of cattle, buffalo,
sheep, goat, swine and poultry. Milk production management and dairy development. Milk Cooperative Unions and their role in rural economy- AMUL, KMF.
Fisheries resources in India-Marine fisheries resources and potential, exclusive economic zone of India, coastal
aquaculture and Mari culture. Inland water resources, commercially important fishes, responsible fishing. Ornamental fish production. Value addition of livestock products and quality control.
6. Agriculture development policies, programmes and trade
Salient Features of National and Karnataka state agricultural policies, Agriculture Price Policy, National Seed
Policy, Agricultural Credit Policy, National Agricultural Research System (NARS). Farmers welfare programmes in India, Farm women development programmes, Agriculture under Five Year Plans, Development / strengthening of agricultural marketing infrastructure-Grading and Standardization, Crop Insurance Scheme-National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (NAIS), Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme (WBCIS), Food Security, National Watershed Development Programme, Export potential of agriculture-horticulture-livestock products. Commercialization and globalization of agriculture- WTO, AoA (Agreement on Agriculture).
7. Health and Hygiene
Human – Digestive, circulatory, respiratory, excretory and reproductive systems. Allopathic, Indian System of
Medicine, Naturopathy and Yoga (AYUSH), NRHM, National HIV Programme, Tuberculosis programme, P and SM
(Preventive and Social Medicine), Diseases – Communicable diseases, epidemic diseases, endemic diseases, vector borne diseases. Basic knowledge of infections caused by different groups of microorganisms – Gastroenteritis, cholera, tuberculosis, malaria, viral infections, HIV, encephalitis, chikungunya, bird flu, dengue, preventive measures during out breaks. Vaccines, introduction to immunity, production of DPT and rabies vaccine and hepatitis vaccine. Application of immunological methods in diagnosis. Health awareness Programme, Etc.,

Section – III Challenges and Issues of Development on Environment & Ecology (6 units)

1. Environmental Segments: Promotion and protection –forest conservation and environmentalism. Protection of Wild Life, Project Tiger, National parks and Sanctuaries, Impact of mining on forest and environment. Red Data
Book: Endangered species, Eco Tourism and any other related current issues.
2. Natural Resources: Forest – Types and conservation of forest and forest resources. Water resources-flood and
drought occurrences, water resource management, Land resources. Rain water harvesting, Infrastructure
development – Dams, Roads, Rails, Bridges, Industry, urbanization and waste water management, acquisition
and rehabilitation and other issues due to human interventions and any other related current issues.
3. Eco System and Biodiversity – Ecology – Basic concepts of ecology, Eco System, Food Chain, Biodiversity and its conservation, Hot spots of Biodiversity, threats to diversity, forest sustainable development and management, any other related current issues, IPR.
4. Environment Pollution and Solid Waste Management – Air Pollution, Water pollution, Soil Pollution, Noise Pollution and remedies. Solid waste Management- Types of Solid waste management, factors affecting the solid waste generation, Impact of solid waste, Recycling and reuse. Any other related Current issues. Environment
protection Act, Air (prevention and control of pollution), water (prevention and control of pollution), water
pollution Cess Act.
5. Role of Information Technology in Environment and Human Health – Global Environmental issues like Climate change, acid rains, global warming, wasteland reclamation, watershed management, watershed approach for sustainable development, linking of rivers, water crisis. Any other related current issues.
6. State community-civil society interface, Joint forest management system – community participation,
Development, Displacement and Rehabilitation. Disaster Management, Sustainable Forest Development. Flood,
earthquake, drought, tsunami, Global warming – Ozone layer, CFC, carbon credit.

PAPER – V General Studies 4

Section-I: Ethics

Essence, determinants and consequences of ethics in human action, dimensions of ethics, ethics in private and
public relationships.
Ethics in public administration, status and problems, ethical dilemmas in government and private institutions,
laws, rules, regulations and conscience as source of ethical guidance;
Accountability and ethical governance, strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance, ethical issues in
international relations and funding, corporate governance;
Concept of public service, philosophical basis of governance, information sharing and transparency in
government, Right to Information, codes of ethics, codes of conduct, citizen charters, work culture, quality of service
delivery, utilization of public fund, challenges of corruption.

Human values- lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers, administrators, Role of family,
society, and educational institutions in inculcating values.

Section-II: Integrity

Integrity, impartiality and non- partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and
compassion towards the weaker sections,

Section-III: Aptitude

Aptitude and foundational values for civil service, Content, structure, function, its relation with thoughts and
behavior, moral and political attitudes, social influence and persuasion,
Aptitude and foundational values for civil service, emotional intelligence and their utilities and application in
administration and governance, contributions of moral thinkers from India and the world,
Case studies of above issues.